Critical Language Scholarships for Intensive Summer Institutes is a program of the United States Department of State, Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs and is administered by the Council of American Overseas Research Centers and the American Councils for International Education. The Critical Language Scholarships Program was launched in 2006. In its inaugural year, the CLS Program offered intensive overseas study in the critical need foreign languages of Arabic, Bangla/Bengali, Hindi, Punjabi, Turkish and Urdu. In 2010, 575 scholarships will be available in thirteen languages, including Arabic, Azerbaijani, Bangla/Bengali, Chinese, Hindi, Indonesian, Japanese, Korean, Persian, Punjabi, Russian, Turkish, and Urdu.
The Gilman International Scholarship program is administered by the Institute of International Education (IIE). It provides awards of up to $5,000 (with a possible addition of $3,000 for studies in Critical Need Languages) to fund study abroad opportunities. The program encourages candidates to choose non-traditional destinations outside of Western Europe and Australia or New Zealand. Undergraduates from all academic fields who are U.S. citizens and receive Federal Pell Grants are eligible to apply.
Boren Scholarships provide up to $20,000 to U.S. undergraduate students to study abroad in areas of the world that are critical to U.S. interests and underrepresented in study abroad, including Africa, Asia, Central & Eastern Europe, Eurasia, Latin American, and the Middle East. The countries of Western Europe, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand are excluded. Boren Scholars study less commonly taught languages, including but not limited to Arabic, Chinese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian and Swahili. Candidates must be U.S. citizens, high school graduates or GED holders and enrolled in an undergraduate degree program at an accredited U.S. institution.
The Fulbright Program offers opportunities in all fields of graduate coursework, research or English language teaching in 140 countries. Grants are usually for one academic year and provide round-trip transportation, language courses (as appropriate), tuition and fees, living allowance and basic accident/health insurance. U.S. citizens who are graduating seniors, holds a B.S./B.A. degree, are master's or doctoral degree candidates or young professionals or artists are eligible.