Citing Internet And Print Resources


Check our Citation Basics page for samples of the most commonly cited kinds of sources, compared side-by-side for APA and MLA.

APA Style Guides


Frequently asked questions about APA Style (American Psychological Association)
Guidelines about how to cite e-mail, a web site, a specific document on a web site, articles and abstracts in electronic databases, and web citations in text.
Bibliography Styles Handbook: APA Format (UIUC Writers Workshop)
Summarizes and illustrates APA style for print and electronic resources.
Writer's Handbook: Documentation Styles: APA Documentation Style (UW-Madison Writing Center)
Includes sections on parenthetical references, references list, headings, usage and style, formatting your paper, and citing electronic sources.
Online Writing Lab: Using American Psychological Association (APA) Format (Purdue University)
Includes short discussions on quotations, references, notes, and general format.

MLA Style Guides


Bibliography Styles Handbook: MLA Format (UIUC Writers Workshop)
Summarizes and illustrates MLA style for print and electronic resources.
Online Writing Lab: Using Modern Language Association (MLA) Format (Purdue University - 7th edition)
Includes short discussions on quotations, references, notes, and general format.

Turabian


Turabian Quick Guide (University of Chicago Press)
Official web site for the 7th edition of the Turabian manual. Includes examples for both the note/bibliography style and the parenthetical reference/reference list style.
Turabian Citation Guide (Ohio State University)
Examples of how to cite books, journal article, and Internet resources using both the scientific (author-date system) and humanities (notes-bibliography) versions of Turabian's Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations format.
Turabian Bibliographic Form: Parenthetical Reference and Footnote/Endnote Style (Georgetown University)
Explanation and examples of how to do both in-text parenthetical references and notes in Turabian.
Citing Electronic Information in History Papers (Maurice Crouse, The University of Memphis)
Sections on: Individual works; Parts of works; Periodicals and journals; Newspapers and magazines; Abstracts and reviews of individual works; Abstracts and reviews of periodicals and journals; Electronic mail (personal); Electronic conferences, interest groups, news groups (Usenet), and lists; Searches in online catalogs and databases; Government publications and legal documents. Each section has examples of reference listings, bibliography entries, and notes.

Additional Style Guides


AMA Style Guide (University of Washington)
Based on the American Medical Association Manual of Style 9th edition, 1998. Provides examples for citing the basic book, journal, and online sources.
The Bluebook - A Uniform System of Citation, Eighteenth Edition
Attorneys use The Bluebook to correctly cite case law. CiteGenie for Westlaw is a downloadable plugin (currently free and only for Firefox) which creates legal citations specifically from the Westlaw database. Added based on this review.
CSE Citation Guide (Ohio State University)
Based on the Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 7th edition, 2006, a common guide used by scientific and technical journals.
The Chicago Manual of Style Online
Quick guide for basic source types. Radio button near top-right toggles between 15th and 16th editions, and table above source types selects for author-date or notes-bibliography systems.
Chicago Manual of Style Citation Guide (Ohio State University)
Examples of how to cite books, journal article, and Internet resources using both the scientific (author-date system) and humanities (notes-bibliography) versions of the Chicago Manual of Style format.
Online! A Reference Guide to Using Internet Sources (Bedford/St. Martins)
Contains the four chapters dealing with citation style of online information from a book on using the Internet for research. Discusses MLA, APA, Chicago, and CBE style for internet information.
Citing Government Information (Cornette Library Government Documents)
A guide to citing government information found on the Internet. Based on The Complete Guide to Citing Government Information Resources: A Manual for Writers and Librarians (Revised Edition). Also includes links to other citation guides for government information.

More Resources


Citing Electronic Information (Internet Public Library)
Bibliography of web sites and books which discuss how to cite electronic sources of information.