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Women in Science

Women in Science
Yu Xie & Kimberlee A. Shauman
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2003
Q130 .Z54 2003

Why do so few women choose a career in science - even as they move into medicine, law, and other professions in ever-greater numbers? In the most comprehensive study of gender differences in science careers ever conducted, Women in Science provides a systematic account of how U.S. youth are selected into and out of science education in early life, and how social forces affect career outcome later in the science labor market.

Studying the science career trajectory in its entirety, the authors attend to the casual influences of prior experiences on career outcomes as well as the interactions of career and family. While attesting to the progress of women in science, the book also reveals continuing gender differences in mathematics and science education and in the progress and outcomes of scientists' careers. The authors explore the extent and causes of gender differences in undergraduate and graduate science education; scientists' geographic mobility; research productivity, promotion rates, and earnings; and in the experience of immigrant scientists. They conclude that the gender gap in parenting responsibilities is a critical barrier to the further advancement of women in science.

Quoted from dust jacket.