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Japanese Cultural Policy Toward China: 1918 - 1931
Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center, 1999
DS849 .C6 T46 1999
Most existing scholarship on Japanís cultural policy toward modern China reflects the paradigm of cultural imperialism and emphasizes a linear pattern of Japanese cultural aggression, particularly after 1923 and the establishment of the China Cultural Affairs Bureau. In contrast, this study demonstrates that Japan, like the other Great Powers, was motivated by pragmatic interests, international cultural rivalries, ethnocentrism, moralism, and idealism. The author argues that Japanese policy can best be understood as the promotion of its own experience of development, which stressed the civilizing aspects of East Asian civilization, modernization, and the promotion of Japanese culture and interests. Japanese policy focused on cultural communication and inclusiveness and was part of Japanís search for an East Asian cultural order led by Japan. Like the United States and Great Britain, Japan, too, was mindful of Chinese opinion and sought the cooperation of the Chinese government. China, however, was more than a passive recipient and actively sought to redirect Japanese policy to serve its national interests and aspirations. The author argues that it is time to move away from the framework of cultural imperialism toward one that recognizes the importance of cultural autonomy, internationalism, and transculturation, especially in view of regional and global developments in the 1920s.
Quoted from dust jacket.